Artwork Description / Detail
Moore-Jones enlisted in the British section of the NZEF (New Zealand Expeditionary Force) in 1914, aged 47, and served as a Sapper in the 1st Company NZ Engineers at Gallipoli. There, he worked for Lieutenant-General Sir William Birdwood’s Anzac Corps Headquarters as a topographical draughtsman. He also worked on a large series of watercolours and drawings of the Anzac landscape, some of which were later completed in England. He was wounded in 1915.
Moore-Jones exhibited his artworks in London, including a private showing to the Royal Family. A portfolio of his prints was published in 1916, and an exhibition of his works toured New Zealand in 1917 to raise funds for the RSA. The New Zealand Government turned down the opportunity to purchase this collection, which was later purchased by Australia for the Australian War Memorial.
Moore-Jones died of burns received while rescuing people from the Hamilton Hotel fire in 1922.
Plate No.2. – ANZAC COVE: THE LANDING PLACE
This is a comprehensive view of Anzac Cove, the scene of the world-famous landing on April 25, 1915, showing its appearance after the Anzacs had dug themselves in.
We see Australian, New Zealand, and Army Corps Headquarters, and on the lower ground, at the back of the beach, the burrows for the men protected by sandbags and timber.
The beach, on which the landing, was actually effected, is a very narrow strip of sand, about 1,000 yards in length by 30 wide, bounded north and south by two small promontories.
Here, in absolute and almost incredible silence, the boys landed. The first landing party consisted of the 3rd Australian Bridgade, under Col. Sinclair Maclagan, whose name is immortalised by the main hill in front of us. The 3rd Brigade was quickly followed by the 1st and 2nd, and, together they cleared the beach and drove the Turks up the cliffs into the valley beyond, now known as Shrapnel Valley. ‘So vigorous was the onslaught that the Turks made now attempt to withstand it, and fled ridge to ridge pursued by the victorious Australians.’
The spur jutting out on the left where the New Zealand Headquarters were first established is the south-west is the south-western end of Plugge’s Plateau.
‘Near the northern end of the beach a small but steep gully runs up into the hills at right angles to the shore’; this is seen in the foreground and was known as Walker’s Road.
On the beach are piles of stores, foodstuffs, etc., where they were stacked on being landed from the lighters. The pier, known as Watson’s, and the wharves were erected later by the Australian and New Zealand Engineers under Lieut. Watson, A.D.S.C, to facilitate the landing of men and material. The point running out from Maclagan’’s Ridge at the far end of the beach is Queensland Point, and beyond but hidden by the contour of the hill, a very warm spot on Brighton Beach called Hell Spit; also the entrance to Shrapnel valley. In the distance from left to right are the south western spur of Haji Manorlo Dagh, Achi Baba, and Cape Hellas on the extreme right. In the middle distance are the Turkish forts of Gaba Tepe and the Olive Groves, whose guns, though often attacked from sea and land, were never silenced.
The figures of the men remind us, in the words of Mr. John Buchan, that ‘men returned to the habits of their first parents. The Australians and New Zealanders especially showed a noble disregard of apparel. In the midsummer heat they were burned to a dull brick red. Coats, shirts, boots and putties disappeared in succession, then trousers shrank into shorts, as they toiled in the dust of the trenches, till the hour of relief came and they could wash in the shrapnel-dotted Aegean.’
Many stories can be told of self-sacrifice and heroism on this strip of beach: it was here that the Queenslanders lost Major Gordon and Major Robertson, and that the artillery landed their first gun, only to find that the tracks from the beach were impracticable for any team. After heroic efforts from the beach impracticable for any team, it was hauled beyond Queensland Point, where the gun team quickly became a mark for the Turkish gunners. Despite every obstacle, it was dragged by sheer determination to the top of the gully, and set a welcome message of relief to the hard-pressed infantry.
Notice should be taken of the roads and tracks along the cliffs, all of which had to be cut by the engineers and fatigue parties, emphasising to some small extent the herculean nature of the task accomplished. To the right of the picture, off Gaba Tepe, is the spot where H.M.S Triumph was sunk by a submarine. This incident was described by one of the New Zealanders, who witnessed it from above Queensland Point, as one of the most affecting incidents of their life at Anzac. It seemed, as he watched the great ship heel over and sink, as if all would be lost if the Navy could be crippled in this manner.
The ground attacked by the New Zealanders and the two remaining Brigades of Australians who had landed later in the day on the 25th is fully seen in Sketch No.3.
‘No finer feat of arms has been performed during the war than this sudden landing in the dark, this storming of the heights, and, above all, the holding on to the points thus won.’
Sapper H. Moore-Jones
Taken from Sketches made at ANZAC, 1916