Artwork Description / Detail
Moore-Jones enlisted in the British section of the NZEF (New Zealand Expeditionary Force) in 1914, aged 47, and served as a Sapper in the 1st Company NZ Engineers at Gallipoli. There, he worked for Lieutenant-General Sir William Birdwood’s Anzac Corps Headquarters as a topographical draughtsman. He also worked on a large series of watercolours and drawings of the Anzac landscape, some of which were later completed in England. He was wounded in 1915.
Moore-Jones exhibited his artworks in London, including a private showing to the Royal Family. A portfolio of his prints was published in 1916, and an exhibition of his works toured New Zealand in 1917 to raise funds for the RSA. The New Zealand Government turned down the opportunity to purchase this collection, which was later purchased by Australia for the Australian War Memorial.
Moore-Jones died of burns received while rescuing people from the Hamilton Hotel fire in 1922.
Plate No.3 – THE COAST NORTH OF ANZAC COVE
The third sketch shows the precipitous coast immediately north of Anzac Cove from Ari Burnu, its northern horn, to the north of Walker’s Ridge.
The place names in this picture are eloquent of fierce fights: Plugge’s Plateau, which derives its name from Lt.-Col. A. Plugge, Auckland Battalion New Zealand Infantry; Walker’s Ridge and Auckland Battalion New Zealand Infantry; Walker’s Ridge and Russell’s Top, named after Major-General H.B. Walker, D.S.O., General Officer Commanding the Australian Division, and Brigadier-General A.H. Russell, A.D.C., new Zealand Mounted Rifles Brigade.
It was over these positions that Major Dawson led the New Zealand Infantry on the 25th April, after having cleared the enemy off the beach. They climbed the Sphinx (see No.8), and later with part of the Australian division and an Indian battery were able to entrench of the heights of Walker’s Ridge and Russell’s Top.
Walker’s pier was erected later, by the Royal Engineers, in order to allow the landing of men and stores nearer to the left of the Anzac position, especially towards the end of July for the big developments of the following month.
It was from Russell’s Top that the 2nd Australian Brigade sallied out on the morning of August 7th for an assault on the Nek and Baby 700 trenches which lay just in front of them and ‘did all that men could do’; the 8th Light Horse only accepting their repulse after losing three-fourths of their numbers.
Russell’s Top and Walker’s Ridge, too, were central positions in the last act of the drama. The Anzac’s exploded a big mine on Russell’s Top to draw Turkish fire, but on Walker’s Ridge was sounded the final note of this epic story. It is related that when the marvellous evacuation of Anzac and Suvla was over and the Expeditionary Force had gained the transport unscathed, the puzzled enemy sat still and waited. They saw that we had gone, but they distrusted the evidence of their own eyes.
The bursting shells remind us of the constant menace from the Turkish gunners both on the Peninsula and on the Asiatic coast. As many as 1,400 shells are said to have burst over Anzac in an hour.
Sapper H. Moore-Jones
Taken from Sketches made at ANZAC, 1916